List of Spices From A-Z (135 Spices)

Do you love trying new spices? This list of spices from A-Z is for you! With obscure and common spices alike, there’s sure to be something on this list that catches your eye (or nose).

List of Spices From A-Z

So get ready to explore the world of spices!

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A

Spices start with A
Spices start with A

Achiote – Also known as annatto, achiote is a red condiment powder made from the seeds of the Bixa orellana plant. It’s used as a coloring agent and has a slightly nutty flavor with hints of citrus and paprika.

Adobo – A blend of chili pepper, garlic, oregano, paprika, and vinegar.

Ajwan – Ajwan is a seed that comes from the Trachyspermum copticum plant. It has a strong, pungent flavor and aroma and is used as a spice in Indian cuisine.

Allspice – The dried berry of an evergreen tree. It tastes like a combination of cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg.

Amchoor – Amchoor is a powder made from dried, unripe mangoes. It has a sour, tangy flavor and is used as a seasoning in Indian cuisine.

Anise – Anise is a licorice-flavored seed that comes from the plant Pimpinella anisum. It’s used as a spice in baking and cooking.

Annatto – Annatto is a red condiment powder made from the seeds of the Bixa orellana plant. It’s used as a coloring agent and has a slightly nutty flavor with hints of citrus and paprika.

Arrowroot – Arrowroot is a starchy powder made from the arrowroot plant. It’s often used as a thickening agent in cooking and baking.

Asafoetida – Asafoetida is a pungent, bitter spice made from the root of the Ferula asafoetida plant.

Assam Tea – Assam tea is a type of black tea that’s grown in the Assam region of India. It has a bold, malty flavor and is often used in blends.

B

Spices start with B
Spices start with B

Baharat – Baharat is a spice blend that originates from the Middle East. It typically contains spices like black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon, cloves, cumin, and nutmeg.

Balm of Gilead – Balm of Gilead is a resin that comes from the leaves of the Commiphora gileadensis plant.

Balti Masala – Balti masala is a spice blend that’s used in the cuisine of Baltistan. It typically contains spices like cardamom, cloves, cumin, and black pepper.

Basil – Basil is an herb that comes from the Ocimum basilicum plant. It has a sweet, licorice-like flavor and is used in a variety of dishes.

Bay Leaf – Bay leaves come from the Laurus nobilis tree. They have a strong, bitter flavor and are used as a spice in soups, stews, and sauces.

Beni Shoga – Beni shoga is a type of pickled ginger that’s dyed red. It’s often used as a garnish in Japanese cuisine.

Berbere – Berbere is a spice blend that originates from Ethiopia. It typically contains chili peppers, ginger, cardamom, cloves, and fenugreek.

Black Cardamom – Black cardamom is a type of cardamom that has a smoky flavor. It’s used in savory dishes, such as curries and rice dishes.

Black Pepper – Black pepper is the dried, unripe fruit of the Piper nigrum plant. It’s used as a spice and has a strong, pungent flavor.

Blade Mace – Blade mace is the dried, outer covering of the nutmeg seed. It has a similar flavor to nutmeg and is used as a spice in baking and cooking.

Boena Cocoa – Boena cocoa is a type of cocoa powder that’s made from roasted, ground cacao beans. It has a rich, chocolate flavor and is used in baking and desserts.

Bouquet Garni – Bouquet garni is a bundle of herbs, typically thyme, parsley, and bay leaf, that’s used to flavor soups and stews.

Brown Mustard Seed – Brown mustard seed is the seed of the Brassica juncea plant. It has a milder flavor than black mustard seed and is used in Indian cuisine.

C

Cajun Seasoning – Cajun seasoning is a spice blend that typically contains paprika, cayenne pepper, garlic powder, and oregano. It’s used in Cajun and Creole cuisine.

Calabrese Chili – Calabrese chili is a type of chili pepper that’s named after the Calabria region of Italy. It’s typically used in Italian cuisine.

Cardamom – Cardamom is a spice that comes from the plant Elettaria cardamomum. It has a sweet, floral flavor and is used in both sweet and savory dishes.

Caraway Seed – Caraway seed is the dried fruit of the plant Carum carvi. It has a pungent, anise-like flavor and is used in a variety of dishes.

Cashews – Cashews are the seeds of the Anacardium occidentale tree. They have a sweet, buttery flavor and are often used in baking and desserts.

Cassia Bark – Cassia bark is the dried bark of the plant Cinnamomum cassia. It has a similar flavor to cinnamon and is used as a spice in baking and cooking.

Cassia Bud – Cassia bud is the dried flower of the plant Cinnamomum cassia. It has a similar flavor to cinnamon and is used as a spice in baking and cooking.

Celery – Celery is a vegetable that comes from the Apiaceae family. It has a crisp, refreshing flavor and is often used in salads and as a garnish.

Celery Seed – Celery seed is the dried seed of the plant Apium graveolens. It has a milder flavor than celery and is used as a spice in pickling and salads.

Chai – Chai is a type of spiced tea that typically contains ginger, cardamom, cloves, and cinnamon.

Chamomile – Chamomile is an herb that comes from the plant Matricaria chamomilla. It has a sweet, apple-like flavor and is often used in tea.

Charoli – Charoli are the seeds of the Buchanania lanzan tree. They have a almond-like flavor and are often used in Indian cuisine.

Chayote – Chayote is a type of squash that comes from the Cucurbitaceae family. It has a mild, cucumber-like flavor and is often used in salads and soups.

Chervil – Chervil is an herb that comes from the Apiaceae family. It has a delicate, anise-like flavor and is often used in soups and salads.

Chestnuts – Chestnuts are the seeds of the Castanea sativa tree. They have a sweet, nutty flavor and are often used in baking and desserts.

Chinese 5 Spices – Chinese 5 spices is a spice blend that typically contains star anise, cloves, cinnamon, Sichuan pepper, and fennel seed. It’s used in Chinese cuisine.

Chipotle – Chipotle is a type of chili pepper that’s smoked and dried. It has a smoky, spicy flavor and is often used in Mexican cuisine.

Chives – Chives are a type of onion that comes from the Allium family. They have a mild, onion-like flavor and are often used as a garnish.

Cilantro – Cilantro is an herb that comes from the Apiaceae family. It has a fresh, citrusy flavor and is often used in Mexican and Asian cuisine.

Cinnamon – Cinnamon is the dried bark of the plant Cinnamomum verum. It has a sweet, pungent flavor and is used as a spice in baking and cooking.

Cloves – Cloves are the dried flower buds of the plant Syzygium aromaticum. They have a sweet, pungent flavor and are used as a spice in baking and cooking.

Coco Powder – Coco powder is the dried, unsweetened form of coconut. It has a rich, chocolaty flavor and is often used in baking.

Colombo Powder – Colombo powder is a spice blend that typically contains cumin, coriander, fenugreek, turmeric, and chili pepper. It’s used in Caribbean cuisine.

Coriander – Coriander is the dried seed of the plant Coriandrum sativum. It has a lemony, floral flavor and is used as a spice in cooking.

Cumin – Cumin is the dried seed of the plant Cuminum cyminum. It has a earthy, nutty flavor and is used as a spice in a variety of cuisines.

Curcuma – Curcuma is an herb that comes from the plant Curcuma longa. It has a bitter, earthy flavor and is used as a spice in Indian cuisine.

Curry Leaf – Curry leaf is the dried leaf of the plant Murraya koenigii. It has a curry-like flavor and is used as a spice in Indian cuisine.

D

Spices start with D
Spices start with D

Darjeeling Tea – Darjeeling tea is a type of black tea that’s grown in the Darjeeling region of India. It has a floral, fruity flavor and is often used in blends.

Dill – Dill is an herb that comes from the Apiaceae family. It has a fresh, cucumber-like flavor and is often used in pickling and salads.

E

Spices start with E
Spices Start with E

Earl Grey Tea – Earl Grey tea is a type of black tea that’s flavored with bergamot oil. It has a citrusy, floral flavor and is often enjoyed as a breakfast tea.

Enoki Mushrooms – Enoki mushrooms are a type of mushroom that comes from the genus Flammulina. They have a delicate, sweet flavor and are often used in Asian cuisine.

F

Fajita – Fajita is a type of Mexican cuisine that typically consists of grilled meats and vegetables. It’s often served with tortillas and salsa.

Fennel – Fennel is an herb that comes from the Apiaceae family. It has a sweet, anise-like flavor and is often used in soups, salads, and sauces

Fenugreek – Fenugreek is the dried seed of the plant Trigonella foenum-graecum. It has a bitter, earthy flavor and is used as a spice in Indian cuisine.

Fleur de Sel – Fleur de sel is a type of salt that’s hand-harvested from the coast of Brittany, France. It has a delicate, flaky texture and is often used as a finishing salt.

French Lavender – French lavender is a type of lavender that’s grown in the Provence region of France. It has a sweet, floral flavor and is often used in baking.

G

Galangal – Galangal is an herb that comes from the plant Alpinia galanga. It has a ginger-like flavor and is often used in Thai cuisine.

Garam Masala – Garam masala is a spice blend that typically contains cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, cumin, and black pepper.

Garlic – Garlic is a type of onion that comes from the Allium family. It has a strong, pungent flavor and is used as a spice in cooking.

Ginger – Ginger is an herb that comes from the plant Zingiber officinale. It has a spicy, earthy flavor and is often used in Asian cuisine.

Green Tea – Green tea is a type of tea that’s made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. It has a grassy, vegetal flavor and is often enjoyed as a health beverage.

Gumbo File – Gumbo file is a powder made from the dried leaves of the plant Alpinia galanga. It has a spicy, earthy flavor and is used as a thickener in gumbo.

H

Harissa – Harissa is a paste or sauce that’s made from chili peppers, garlic, and other spices. It’s often used as a condiment in North African cuisine.

Hazelnut – Hazelnut is the nut of the plant Corylus avellana. It has a rich, buttery flavor and is often used in baking.

Hibiscus – Hibiscus is an herb that comes from the plant Hibiscus sabdariffa. It has a tart, acidic flavor and is often used in teas and cocktails.

Horseradish – Horseradish is a root vegetable that comes from the plant Armoracia rusticana. It has a hot, spicy flavor and is often used as a condiment.

I

Spices Start with I
Spices Start with I

India Bay Leaf – India bay leaf is the dried leaf of the plant Cinnamomum tamala. It has a cinnamon-like flavor.

Italian Seasoning – Italian seasoning is a blend of herbs that typically includes basil, oregano, rosemary, and thyme. It’s often used in Italian cuisine.

J

Spices Start with J
Spices Start with J

Jasmine – Jasmine is an herb that comes from the plant Jasminum sambac. It has a sweet, floral flavor and is often used in teas and perfumes.

Jerk SeasoningJerk seasoning is a spice blend that typically contains allspice, chili peppers, thyme, and garlic. It’s often used in Jamaican cuisine.

Juniper Berry – Juniper berry is the fruit of the plant Juniperus communis. It has a piney, citrusy flavor and is often used as a spice in gin.

K

Kabsa Spice Mix – Kabsa spice mix is a blend of spices that typically includes cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, cumin, and black pepper.

Kaffir Leaves – Kaffir leaves are the dried leaves of the plant Citrus hystrix. They have a citrusy, floral flavor and are often used in Thai cuisine.

Kahlúa – Kahlúa is a coffee-flavored liqueur that’s made with rum, sugar, and vanilla bean.

Kalamata Olive – Kalamata olive is a type of olive that’s grown in the Kalamata region of Greece. It has a fruity, slightly salty flavor and is often used in Mediterranean cuisine.

Korma Curry Powder – Korma curry powder is a blend of spices that typically includes cardamom, cloves, cumin, and coriander. It’s often used in Indian cuisine.

Kosher Salt – Kosher salt is a type of salt that’s traditionally used in Jewish cooking. It has a coarse, flaky texture and is often used as a seasoning.

L

Lavender – Lavender is an herb that comes from the plant Lavandula angustifolia. It has a sweet, floral flavor and is often used in baking.

Lemon – Lemon is a type of citrus fruit that comes from the plant Citrus limon. It has a tart, acidic flavor and is often used as a flavoring or garnish.

Lemongrass – Lemon grass is an herb that comes from the plant Cymbopogon citratus. It has a lemon-like flavor and is often used in Asian cuisine.

Lime – Lime is a type of citrus fruit that comes from the plant Citrus latifolia. It has a tart, acidic flavor and is often used as a flavoring or garnish.

Liquorice Root – Liquorice root is the root of the plant Glycyrrhiza glabra. It has a sweet, anise-like flavor and is often used as a flavoring or candy.

M

Mace – Mace is the dried, reddish-brown aril that surrounds the nutmeg seed. It has a warm, spicy flavor and is often used as a spice.

Marjoram – Marjoram is an herb that comes from the plant Origanum majorana. It has a sweet, earthy flavor and is often used in Italian and French cuisine.

Marshmallow Root – Marshmallow root is the root of the plant Althaea officinalis. It has a sweet, mucilaginous texture and is often used as a demulcent.

Maple Sugar – Maple sugar is a type of sugar that’s made from the sap of the maple tree. It has a sweet, caramel-like flavor and is often used as a flavoring or sweetener.

Masa Harina – Masa harina is a type of flour that’s made from ground, dried corn. It has a slightly sweet flavor and is often used in Mexican cuisine.

Matcha Powder – Matcha powder is a type of green tea powder that’s traditionally used in Japanese cuisine. It has a grassy, slightly sweet flavor.

Mint – Mint is an herb that comes from the plant Mentha spicata. It has a fresh, minty flavor and is often used in baking and as a garnish.

Mulling Spices – Mulling spices are a blend of spices that typically includes cinnamon, cloves, and nutmeg. They’re often used to flavor hot beverages like cider or wine.

Mustard – Mustard is a spice that comes from the seeds of the plant Brassica juncea. It has a hot, spicy flavor and is often used as a condiment.

N

Spices Start with N
Spices Start with N

Nigella – Nigella is an herb that comes from the plant Nigella sativa. It has a pungent, slightly bitter flavor and is often used in Middle Eastern cuisine.

Nutmeg – Nutmeg is a spice that comes from the seed of the plant Myristica fragrans. It has a warm, sweet flavor and is often used as a spice.

O

Spices Start with O
Spices Start with O

Onion – Onion is a type of vegetable that comes from the plant Allium cepa. It has a pungent, onion-like flavor and is often used as a flavoring or garnish.

Orange Zest – Orange zest is the outermost layer of the peel of an orange. It has a citrusy, tangy flavor and is often used as a flavoring or garnish.

Oregano – Oregano is an herb that comes from the plant Origanum vulgare. It has a warm, slightly bitter flavor and is often used in Italian and Greek cuisine.

P

Paella Seasoning – Paella seasoning is a blend of spices that’s traditionally used to flavor paella, a Spanish dish made with rice and seafood.

Paprika – Paprika is a spice that comes from the plant Capsicum annuum. It has a sweet, slightly smoky flavor and is often used as a flavoring or garnish.

Parsley – Parsley is an herb that comes from the plant Petroselinum crispum. It has a fresh, slightly grassy flavor and is often used as a garnish.

Peppercorn – Peppercorn is a spice that comes from the plant Piper nigrum. It has a hot, spicy flavor and is often used as a flavoring or garnish.

Pickling Spice – Pickling spice is a blend of spices that’s traditionally used to flavor pickles. It typically includes mustard seed, peppercorn, and dill.

Pimento Berries – Pimento berries are the dried, red fruits of the plant Capsicum annuum. They have a sweet, slightly spicy flavor and are often used as a flavoring or garnish.

Pine Nuts – Pine nuts are the seeds of the pine tree. They have a sweet, nutty flavor and are often used in baking and as a garnish.

Pistachio – Pistachio is a type of nut that comes from the plant Pistacia vera. It has a sweet, creamy flavor and is often used in baking and as a garnish.

Poppy Seed – Poppy seed is the seed of the plant Papaver somniferum. It has a nutty, slightly bitter flavor and is often used in baking and as a garnish.

Q

Quince – Quince is a type of fruit that comes from the plant Cydonia oblonga. It has a tart, slightly sweet flavor and is often used in jams and jellies.

R

Ras-el-Hanout – Ras-el-hanout is a blend of spices that’s traditionally used in Moroccan cuisine. It typically includes cardamom, cumin, and cloves.

Rose Baie – Rose baie is a type of spice that comes from the plant Rosa canina. It has a sweet, floral flavor and is often used in baking and as a flavoring.

Rooibos Tea – Rooibos tea is a type of herbal tea that comes from the plant Aspalathus linearis. It has a sweet, slightly grassy flavor and is often used as a flavoring or garnish.

Rosemary – Rosemary is an herb that comes from the plant Rosmarinus officinalis. It has a piney, slightly bitter flavor and is often used in Mediterranean cuisine.

S

Sage – Sage is an herb that comes from the plant Salvia officinalis. It has a earthy, slightly bitter flavor and is often used in stuffing and sausage.

Saffron – Saffron is a spice that comes from the flower of the plant Crocus sativus. It has a pungent, slightly sweet flavor and is often used in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine.

Sesame Seed – Sesame seed is the seed of the plant Sesamum indicum. It has a nutty, slightly sweet flavor and is often used in baking and as a garnish.

Shallot – Shallot is a type of vegetable that comes from the plant Allium ascalonicum. It has a mild, onion-like flavor and is often used as a flavoring or garnish.

Shichimi Togarashi – Shichimi togarashi is a blend of spices that’s traditionally used in Japanese cuisine. It typically includes chili pepper, orange zest, and ginger.

Spearmint – Spearmint is an herb that comes from the plant Mentha spicata. It has a fresh, minty flavor and is often used in baking and as a flavoring.

Star Anise – Star anise is a spice that comes from the fruit of the plant Illicium verum. It has a sweet, licorice-like flavor and is often used in Asian cuisine.

Sumac – Sumac is a spice that comes from the fruit of the plant Rhus coriaria. It has a tart, lemony flavor and is often used in Middle Eastern cuisine.

T

Tagine – Tagine is a type of spice blend that’s traditionally used in Moroccan cuisine. It typically includes cumin, ginger, and paprika.

Tamarind – Tamarind is a fruit that comes from the tree Tamarindus indica. It has a sour, slightly sweet flavor and is often used in Indian cuisine.

Tandoori – Tandoori is a type of spice blend that’s traditionally used in Indian cuisine. It typically includes cumin, coriander, and chili pepper.

Tarragon – Tarragon is an herb that comes from the plant Artemisia dracunculus. It has a faint, anise-like flavor and is often used in French cuisine.

Tapioca – Tapioca is a starch that comes from the root of the plant Manihot esculenta. It has a bland, slightly sweet flavor and is often used in pudding and as a thickener.

Thyme – Thyme is an herb that comes from the plant Thymus vulgaris. It has a lemony, slightly minty flavor and is often used in Mediterranean cuisine.

Tikka Masala – Tikka masala is a type of spice blend that’s traditionally used in Indian cuisine. It typically includes cumin, coriander, and chili pepper.

Tumeric – Tumeric is a spice that comes from the root of the plant Curcuma longa. It has a earthy, slightly bitter flavor and is often used in Indian cuisine.

U

V

Vanilla – Vanilla is a spice that comes from the fruit of the plant Vanilla planifolia. It has a sweet, rich flavor and is often used in baking and as a flavoring.

W

Spices Start with W
Spices Start with W

Wasabi – Wasabi is a type of horseradish that comes from the plant Wasabia japonica. It has a hot, spicy flavor and is often used in Japanese cuisine.

Watercress – Watercress is a type of leafy green that comes from the plant Nasturtium officinale. It has a peppery, slightly bitter flavor and is often used in salads.

White Pepper – White pepper is a spice that comes from the fruit of the plant Piper nigrum. It has a hot, slightly sharp flavor and is often used in Asian cuisine.

White Tea – White tea is a type of tea that comes from the plant Camellia sinensis. It has a mild, slightly sweet flavor and is often consumed for its health benefits.

X

Y

Z

Zaatar Spice – Zaatar spice is a type of spice blend that’s traditionally used in Middle Eastern cuisine. It typically includes thyme, sumac, and sesame seed.