Dragon’s Breath Vs. Pepper X: The Difference Explained

Pepper X and Dragons Breath are two of the hottest peppers in the world, and both bring with them serious heat. While they both come in small shapes and characteristic high-level heat, these products have different properties.

The difference between Dragon’s Breath and Pepper X is that Dragon’s Breath has less of the chemical capsicum than Pepper X, making it less hot and ranking it lower on the Scoville heat scale. Aside from the heat, they differ in size, shape, color, and origin. Dragon’s Breath is half an inch long and bright red; Pepper X is 2-3 inches long.

The distinction between these species extends beyond physical appearance. They were created for various reasons by various people. Despite the fact that they have many differences, they also have some similarities. Continue reading for a more in-depth look at their similarities and differences. 

Dragon’s Breath Vs. Pepper X: A Comparison Table

Below is a table that presents a side-by-side comparison of the various qualities possessed by Dragon’s Breath and Pepper X.

ComparisionDragon’s BreathPepper X
Scoville Heat Units      2,480,0003,180,000
OriginUnited KingdomUnited States
SizeAbout 0.5 inches long About 2-3 inches long
Purpose of CreationTo create a hotter spiceTo create medical anesthetics.
FlavorSweet, SpicySweet, Fruity

Key Distinction Between Dragon’s Breath and Pepper X


Many years of research went into developing the Dragon’s Breath and Pepper X spices. Their origin stories, however, are vastly different. This section provides an overview of how and why these hot spices were created.

Origin of Dragon’s Breath

Dragon’s Breath was developed through collaboration between Neal Price, a UK-based hydroponic store, NPK Technologies, and Trent University in Wales. Their goal was to make a plant product that could be used as a skin anesthetic for people who couldn’t use other options.

In addition, they aimed to develop a method that is effective despite having lower costs in order to cater to countries where the production or purchase of anesthetics is expensive.

Following the success of his work, Mike Smith, a Welshman and horticulturist, began cultivating this unique breed. Soon after, Mike and Price collaborated and named the pepper after the Welsh Dragon, a national symbol in Wales.

Although creating the world’s second hottest pepper was not the goal, the spice outperformed the Carolina Reaper in terms of Scoville Heat Units–-2.48 million SHU. A few months later, Ed Curries’ Pepper X surpassed that figure with a Scoville heat unit of 3.18 million SHU.

Origin of Pepper X

Pepper X is thought to be the most potent pepper in the world. It is from South Carolina, just like the Carolina Reaper and Apollo Pepper, but it is much hotter.

Ed crossed several super-hot species with scientists at his PuckerButt pepper company to create Pepper X, which is especially high in capsaicin. Capsaicin, along with other ingredients such as capsaicinoids, is responsible for chili peppers’ characteristic super-hot flavor.

Color and Form

Color and Form of Dragon’s Breath

The Dragon’s Breath chili pepper is a relatively small fruit that measures about a half an inch in length and has wrinkly, orange-red skin.The Dragon Breath chili has a round shape with curls that descend to the bottom and form a pointed bulge, comparable to the shape of the Ghost Pepper chili.

As it gets closer to the bottom, the brilliant red color mutes just a little bit until it matches the color of the stem that holds it all together.

Color and Form of Pepper X

On the other hand, Pepper X has a physical appearance that is comparable to that of the Carolina Reaper. It is small, round, and has a tail that resembles a scorpion. It stands out due to the wrinkled lemon green color, which also makes it easy to recognize.

Similar to other breeds in the capsicum family, Pepper X has a heavily contorted and pock-marked body shape, as well as a wrinkled-body.

Availability of the Peppers for Purchase

Dragon’s Breath seeds are more commercially available than Pepper X seeds, though they are not readily available at local supermarkets. According to insight from Urban Farmers, the seeds could cost around:

  • $4 for a pack of 10 seeds.
  • $25 for a pack of 100 seeds. 
  • $85 for a pack of 500 seeds.

Dragon’s Breath is also available on Amazon for $4.99 for ten pepper seeds.

Due to their extreme heat, these seeds are currently best used for planting rather than cooking. They’re planted like other Capsicum varieties.

They start by planting the seeds indoors on heating mats, then transplant them to garden soil once they sprout. Because they are usually not tall plants, they are easier to harvest. However, it is critical to take precautions during harvesting.

No studies have shown that Dragon’s Breath can kill you. However, when exposed to heat levels above their threshold, it is common for people to develop allergies. Common allergic reactions include runny nose, watery eyes, stomach pain, and headaches.

Pepper X seeds, on the other hand, are not for sale. However, it is the main ingredient in Last Dab XXX Hot Sauce, which is available on Amazon and in a few other local stores across the country. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Why are Dragon’s Breath and Pepper X’s Scoville Scale Units Described as Unofficial?

The Scoville scale units of Dragon’s Breath and Pepper X are labeled as unofficial because the Guinness World Book of Records has not confirmed the values to contain the degree of hotness their creators claim.

Can I Cook With Dragon’s Breath?

Yes, you can cook with dragon breath, though it is not recommended for everyday use. Due to its heat, use the seed with caution. Wearing kitchen gloves, safety goggles, and a nose mask can help you stay safe.

How Do I Get Rid of a Chili Burn?

Apply milk, citrus juices, alcohol, or oils to a chili burn immediately. These fluids aid in the dissolution of capsaicin, allowing you to heal more quickly.

Final Thoughts

Dragon’s Breath and Pepper X are incredibly hot. Both are spicy and can cause skin and eye irritation if handled without due caution. Although they have varying degrees of hotness, you should use extreme caution if you cultivate or include these species in your recipe. Have fun in the kitchen but be careful!

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Bill Kalkumnerd
Bill Kalkumnerd

I am Bill, I am the Owner of HappySpicyHour, a website devoted to spicy food lovers like me. Ramen and Som-tum (Papaya Salad) are two of my favorite spicy dishes. Spicy food is more than a passion for me - it's my life! For more information about this site Click

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